Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia) is a deciduous woody vine from the Pacific Rim, that was introduced to the Southeastern U.S. in the mid-1980’s for use as an ornamental and for beach stabilization. Displaying 1 to 13 of 13 Search Help. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia L. f.) is a low-growing, shoreline shrub in the subfamily Viticoideae of the family Lamiaceae (formerly in Verbenaceae) (Cantino 1992; Harley et al. Fertilize the vitex … From classical Greek and Roman times this plant was known as an anaphrodisiac †. The round fruits are 1/4 inch in diameter and purplish-black when ripe. 0 Kanaha Beach, Maui, Hawaii. Definition of vitex in the Definitions.net dictionary. By the mid- to late-1990s, Beach vitex was observed spreading from landscape plantings along the South Carolina coast, crowding out native dune species. 0000016629 00000 n Maintaining a vegetative cover on front dunes is strongly recommended but planting beach vitex on the front dunes is not only unwise but it is illegal. Beach Vitex was planted decades ago in North and South Carolina as a sand dune protector following a major hurricane – though, instead of preventing beach erosion it sucked and stole water from other plants. It can be found growing natively throughout the Pacific and … Beach vitex is an invasive plant originally brought from the South Pacific to the South Carolina coast to protect sand dunes from erosion. Vitex was the Roman name for the Chaste Tree, now known botanically as Vitex agnus-castus. Beach vitex expands its woody rhizomes aggressively; it can actually grow over sidewalks and driveways. Silver-leaf croton has one leaf at each location on the stem; beach vitex has leaves in pairs on each side of the stem. On January 18, 2007, the Town Council approved the Beach Vitex Eradication Program and passed the ordinance regarding Beach Vitex (see below).To learn more about beach vitex:www.beachvitex.orgBEACH VITEX ERADICATION PROGRAMIf a Kure Beach property owner finds Beach Vitex … Remember that property owners are required to obtain a permit from the Office of Coastal Resource Management before planting on the beach dunes. It is easy to identify because it is evergreen, the leaves are not in pairs on the twig, and the leaf length is at least 4 times the leaf width. Many of you have probably … Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as Beach Vitex, is a perennial, invasive species of plant that was introduced to the southeastern United States in the mid- 1980s with hopes that it would stabilize coastal sand dunes.Beach Vitex … Beach vitex can tolerate droughty conditions of the sand dunes, can tolerate salt spray from the ocean and is not eaten by deer. The most apparent characteristics of beach vitex are the rapid growth of runners along the beach sand surface and the thick clumps it forms after a few years. Vitex supplements typically contain … Pōhinahina leaves are aromatic with a sage-like spicy odor when crushed and smelling much like the simpleleaf vitex (Vitex trifolia) frequently used in Hawaiian landscaping as hedges. The plant forms a green, segmented, linear fruit in March and the terminal section will dry out and fall off during the summer. 0000004531 00000 n Beach Vitex Resources. Seabeach amaranth is another federally threatened species and, like other native dune species, is sensitive to vegetative cover. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia L.f.) is a deciduous woody vine that was introduced to the Southeastern U.S. from Korea in the mid-1980s. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia) is an exotic, deciduous, woody shrub that does not grow tall but forms thick patches by long runners at the soil surface. Kanaha Beach, Maui, Hawaii. Beach Vitex. Photograph by C. A. Gresham, Clemson University. Add To My Wish List . Even though beach vitex has already been in the United States for 20 years, Dr. Tasker thought this was an NPAG issue because this plant was only recently recognized as a plant with significant invasive traits. Sections of the horizontal stems growing on the surface should be cut diagonally such that the cut surface is facing upward. Beach vitex is woody, vine-like plant with almost round leaves (hence the specific name rotundifolia meaning round foliage) up to 1″ to 1.5″ in diameter, that are in pairs along the woody stem. Seashore elder (Iva imbricata) is a woody shrub commonly found on front dunes and a nearly identical species, marsh elder (Iva frutescens) is found at the salt marsh edge. This herbicide is slow acting, taking three to four months to observe the full affects. Vitex plants prefer average moisture and grow best when watered regularly. x�b```�� r�rA��1�0p`���"�1����ű�A��Em�i� `���$GGGX�10eҲ@�Ql��`� �@���%@�c)� ��|��ŘK�;�+��H;�La8��`q@B�G�� ���l8��?0�`���s�S�} ���@,��T��� i.����U�} 1). Brittle stems tend to break off in high tide and float off and colonize new areas. By the mid-1990's, plant specialists began to notice beach vitex spreading from original plantings on state beaches, crowding out native plants such as sea oats and sea beach amaranth. FIRST RECORD OF VITEX ROTUNDIFOLIA (VERBENACEAE) IN VIRGINIA. Vitex rotundifolia. Originally from the Pacific rim of Asia, Beach Vitex was brought to South Carolina to help restore dunes lost during storms. Information and translations of vitex in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Your county Extension Office can direct you to sources of seedlings for planting. View and/or print Beach Vitex Eradication methods to assist our property owners. This shade and perhaps some other growth characteristics, kills shorter beach plants and prevents seedlings of native species from becoming established. Vitex trifolia L. var. simplicifolia Cham. … 0000024083 00000 n The length of seashore elder leaves is 4 times the width; compared to beach vitex leaves that are nearly as wide as long and seashore elder does not have a large round fruit like beach vitex. Beach Vitex is an invasive plant that spreads rapidly and poses a threat to native plants and animals. Beach vitex leaves are round, silvery gray-green, 1-2 inches long, and have a spicy fragrance. The round … Starr-010209-0295-Vitex rotundifolia-fruits-Kanaha Beach-Maui (24235631600).jpg 1,200 × 1,600; 1.08 MB. 0000005350 00000 n If you own beachfront property that was damaged by Hurricane Hugo in 1989 and planted the rebuilt dunes with species other than sea oats (Uniola paniculata) or American beach grass (Ammophila breviligulata), you could have planted beach vitex as many of your neighbors in the early 1990s. The label is the law. Seabeach amaranth is rare and is found in an overwash between dunes where other vegetation has not established. Pruning can keep this plant compact and very low. 0000004121 00000 n Provides state, county, point and GIS data. Beach Vitex, kolokolo kahakai, hinahina kolo, manawanawa, mawanawana, polinalina. Likewise the beach vitex should be cut off the seaward face of the front dunes. The flowers are purplish-blue, 1 inch in width, and produce small clusters at the ends of branches. Beach Vitex leaves are round, silvery gray-green, 1-2 inches and perishing before long, and have a spicy fragrance. 0000000016 00000 n The specific epithet rotundifolia is from the Latin rotundatus, rounded, and folius, leaves, in reference to the round-shaped leaves of this species. Wax myrtle leaves are much longer than they are wide and the stems grow upward to form a shrub or small tree. Beach Vitex (Vitex rotundiflolia) is a woody, deciduous shrub that grows in patches along coastal dunes. Dr. Deah Lieurance of the University of Florida says the plant’s root system tangled endangered sea turtles and birds. November 02, 2004) Beach Vitex (Vitex rotundifolia) habitat ... (Photo courtesy of Forest & Kim Starr. Beach vitex is native to sandy coastal areas (e.g., beaches, rocky shorelines and sand dunes) in Japan, eastern Asia, Southeast Asia and India plus along the shorelines in a large number of Pacific islands. Its range includes continents and islands stretching from India east to Hawaii … Photograph by C. A. Gresham, Clemson University. Six months after the herbicide is applied, remove the dead beach vitex plants and sea oats and bitter panicum seedlings should be planted on an 18″ grid as discussed above. 0000002290 00000 n 211 0 obj<>stream It’s actually a pretty plant, this Beach Vitex (Vitex rotundifolia), and it is very good at … Vitex rotundifolia, commonly called beach vitex or round-leaf vitex, is a prostrate-sprawling woody shrub that grows to 1-2' tall with an indefinite spread to 10-15' or more.Beach vitex … Because of its status as a threatened species, it is illegal to harvest or move the plant, so if you notice some of these plants, notify the property owner. Although beach vitex will also grow on the marsh side of barrier islands and coastal areas, it is not found in the tidal zone. It has been introduced into the United States where it is an invasive exotic plant. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. We are also not sure whether the local beach mice will eat these seeds. Beach Vitex (Vitex rotundifolia): Beach vitex expands its woody rhizomes aggressively; it can actually grow over sidewalks and driveways. 0000004495 00000 n Photograph by C. A. Gresham, Clemson University. Seed production can be as high as … Noteworthy Characteristics. Her reaction was typical. Beach vitex does become established in areas that are distant from an established planting. The round fruits are 1/4 inch in diameter and purplish-black when ripe. Foliage Leaves are oval, silvery-gray and 1-2 in. Prefers sandy soils above high tide line, open sun, and does well in rocky areas. Appearance Vitex rotundifolia is a perennial shrub with a woody stem that can sprawl more than 60 ft. (18 m) across the ground. 0.5 metre Spread: 2 to 3 metres . Common names include "chaste tree" or "chastetree", traditionally referring to V. agnus-castus but often applied to other species as well.. The Weed Science Society of America, a nonprofit scientific society, was founded in 1956 to encourage and promote the development of knowledge concerning weeds and their impact on the environment. Seabeach amaranth is a rare plant that is listed as threatened in S.C. and is commonly found in washed out areas between front dunes. This is a high maintenance shrub that will require regular care and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. endstream endobj 241 0 obj<>/W[1 1 1]/Type/XRef/Index[23 186]>>stream 2005, Dr. Tasker requested a report on beach vitex from the New Pest Advisory Group (NPAG). Healthy seedlings 15″ to 24″ tall should be planted at least 8″ deep; the deeper the better. ��-� In general, realize that you have a fast growing exotic plant that has several undesirable characteristics as discussed above. Also known as chaste tree or chasteberry, it's often taken as a remedy for women's health problems. 0000003175 00000 n 0000023592 00000 n Seedlings are easily removed by hand. 0000023370 00000 n Beach vitex was imported as a beach stabilization plant from Korea in 1985. Leaves of beach vitex are in pairs on a woody stem and are nearly as long as they are wide. Beach vitex is an invasive plant originally brought from the South Pacific to the South Carolina coast to protect sand dunes from erosion. 0000014740 00000 n Include in the bottom of each hole a tablespoon of time-release 18-6-12 fertilizer that can be obtained where ever hardware or plants are sold. Silver-leaf croton is a small woody plant that might be confused with beach vitex seedlings. 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