The Social Structure Theory 1048 Words | 5 Pages. Those theories later were reformulated, most prominently by American criminologists Robert Agnew and Steven F. Messner and Richard Rosenfeld. It is not concerned with people as individuals, in groups, or in the organizations forming the society, nor the ultimate goal of their relationships. Studies have been conducted on several families in accordance with economic standards. The current social structure branch of criminological theory provides the purest sociological explanation of crime and delinquency. These theories have certain truths in regards to resources and certain people’s experiences. Social structure is the organized set of social institutions and patterns of institutionalized relationships that together compose society. The presence of informal social control can help to contain crime to some extent, but the absence of it results in the negative. This essay highlights the fundamental differences outlining social structure and social process theories. In this view, the social order is solely a device for "impulse Social Factors refers to elements within society which we experience collectively. Social structure theories look at the formal and informal economic and social arrangements of society that cause crime and deviance. This theory explains why those in the lower class commit crimes and also why those in the upper class commit crimes. Social structure. This sociological perspective provides a macro-level analysis that focuses on the structure of society and the roles of social institutions such as government and family, to provide its members with stable patterns of social structures (Goode, 2008). The origin of social disorganization theory can be traced to the work of Shaw and McKay, who concluded that disorganized areas marked by divergent values and … This leads to a consideration contrary to structural functionalism: certain norms in a society may be established not because of any general consensus about their moral value but because they are forced upon the population by those who have both the interest in doing so and the power to carry it out. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Merton’s theory explains deviance as the result of social strains because of the way the society is structured. Other social theorists, including functionalists such as the American sociologist Robert K. Merton, gave these “distributional” properties a more central place in their concepts of social structure. Breaking it down by everyone’s financial status for example, the “low class,” were unable to realize common, socially accepted ambitions through legal means. Whom felt forced to commit or be involved in criminal behavior to achieve what they wanted and needed in life. Social structure theory has three schools of thought--social disorganization, strain, and cultural deviance theories. The theory of structuration is a social theory of the creation and reproduction of social systems that is based in the analysis of both structure and agents (see structure and agency), without giving primacy to either.Further, in structuration theory, neither micro- nor macro-focused analysis alone is sufficient. Many people tend to associate negative implications when they come across deviant actions —any behavior such as crime that breaks from commonly accepted norms or expectations— and assume that society would be better off without. Giddens rejects Positivism because of its mistaken search for the general laws of social life. Social disorganization theory views criminal behavior because of changes in society on differing levels and because of an environment that is conducive to criminal behavior (Schmalleger, 2012). For Merton and others, social structure consists not only of normative patterns but also of the inequalities of power, status, and material privileges, which give the members of a society widely different opportunities and alternatives. Three subtypes of social structure theories can be identified: social disorganization theory, strain theory, and culture conflict theory. Cesare Lombroso was an Italian criminologist (1835-1909), he devised a theory that criminality is a psychological trait, however if someone has a criminal mind, this can be recognised by their appearance. For some, the societal strain becomes overwhelming to the point where they commit a deviant behavior as a way to manage the strain. The third ingredient of the social structure theory is the Culture Conflict Theory. Parsons’s work was criticized for several reasons, not least for the comparatively meagre attention he paid to inequalities of power, wealth, and other social rewards. In R. L. Akers & G. F. Jensen (Eds. According to social structure theorists, the socioeconomic state of a place has a direct influence on the rate of crime in that given pla… Although modern society is rife with social pressures towards crime, many people seem unaffected by them due to a number of controls that insulate the individual from the pushes and pulls they are subject to, he referred to these controls as either ‘inner containment’ or ‘outer containment’. Merton, as cited in (Schneider & Tilly, 2004) suggests structural theories significantly emphasize the role of social and economic structures as the causes of delinquent behavior and tend to treat criminal behavior as the result of the undesirable and dysfunctional structures (P. 3) However, to some it is rather unbelievable people who join gangs belong to similar neighborhoods and socioeconomic backgrounds. Social Structure Theory: Making A Connection Between Social Structure and Crime Theories regarding social structure and crime are usually automatically assumed to form some type of relationship between poverty and crime. He explains the only way a person would partake in delinquent behaviour is by the weakening of containments, allowing the individual to release themselves into their natural state of. THEORETICAL EXPLANATIONS FOR GANG FORMATION A social problem is an issue that exists within a society, which individuals are opposed to. Merton explained deviance in terms of means and ends as part of his strain/anomie Theory. Nevertheless, the Marxian model became influential even among non-Marxist social scientists. This theory is also known as the cultural deviance theory. When Auguste Comte coined the term ‘sociology' to refer to a positivistic or scientifically proven approach to study human society and social life, he gave rise to the central idea of the structural functionalist perspective on deviance and conformity (Thompson & Gibbs, 2017). Social Structure Theories Writing Services In the field of sociological criminology, social structure theories emphasize the relation between social structure and criminal behaviour, asserting that disadvantaged economic conditions are primary influential factors in criminal activity. "Continuities in the Theory of Social Structure and Anomie," tries to consolidate recent empirical and theoretical analyses of that breakdown of social norms which is described as anomie. 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