Half opening umbel of a Pelargonium zonale, This article is about a wild species found in southern Africa. Primera parte.) Pelargonium zonale Матеріал з Вікіпедії — вільної енциклопедії. Gametophytic count = 9,15; sporophytic count= 15, 24 (IPCN Chromosome Reports, 2014). 585 pp. Pelargonium zonale Fertilization & Substrate Important to keep EC levels of the growing media in the range of 1.5 –2.0. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Common name(s): Zonal Geranium Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Geraniaceae Origin: Africa More infos: Zonal Geraniums are available in many varieties. Walt JJAvan der, 1977. > 0°C, dry winters), Species introduced for use as an ornamental and grown in botanical gardens in Europe, Species is a parent of many ornamental hybrids today, Species known to have escaped from cultivation. There has been much confusion in the literature surrounding the genera of Pelargonium and Geranium. Within a few years, it reached the British Isles, France, Italy and Spain and became popular. Flora Europaea. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press, 749 pp. The species was reportedly present in Hawaii by 1888 (Stone et al., 1992), but less data is available for this species in the Pacific and Asian region than other Pelargonium species and hybrids. > 10°C, Cold average temp. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Hort. Randall RP, 2012. Stearn WT, 1992. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. In cultivation, Pelargonium species can be grown in borders or containers, can tolerate soils with pH ranging from neutral to alkaline, and prefer well-drained, dry or moist, light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils (PFAF, 2014). Increase the N:K relation to 1: 1,5 after 4 weeks to improve the Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Dixon K, 2011. European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Stored seed should be sown in early spring in a greenhouse. Another source places this introduction a full century earlier in 1609, when a shipment apparently arrived from South Africa’s Cape colony to the Netherlands, but this is unlikely (Loewer, 2004). Prestoe H, 1870. It also has potential for medicinal use. London, UK: B.T. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD)., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. 382 pp. P. zonale is a flowering plant native to South Africa that has been cultivated as an ornamental in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Pelargoniums, commonly known as geraniums, are a large group of mostly evergreen and tender perennials used as bedding or houseplants. This species, when hybidized with closely related species, has yielded a group of hybrid plants referred to as Pelargonium x hortorum. It requires semi-shade to full sun conditions. The South African geranium ( Pelargonium sidoides ), also known as the black geranium or Cape pelargonium, is an herb long used in South African traditional medicine. Large round ‘zonale’ leaves with a faint brown marking. The species Pelargonium zonale is a member of the Ciconium section. flowers-23402 - pelargonium zonale vintage printable illustration digital download picture image public domain book page plate high resolut ArtsCult. Pelargonium zonale, known as wildemalva in Afrikaans, is a species of Pelargonium native to southern Africa in the western regions of the Cape Provinces, in the geranium family. Catalog of plants cultivated in the Royal Botanic Gardens, Trinidad, from 1865-1870., Trinidad: Chronicle Printing Office. Segunda parte. Watch Queue Queue http://tropicos.org/Project/CV. ex Aiton is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Pelargonium (family Geraniaceae). Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange for California Floristics. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. The root of the plant is typically distilled into an extract and used in cough and cold remedies to alleviate symptoms and reduce the duration of illness. It is in leaf all year, in flower from May to July. It is also an accidental introduction, as it has reportedly escaped from cultivation in Puerto Rico and the Mediterranean (Liogier and Martorell, 2000; Randall, 2012). Britton NL, 1918. Pelargonium / ˌ p ɛ l ɑːr ˈ ɡ oʊ n i ə m / is a genus of flowering plants which includes about 280 species of perennials, succulents, and shrubs, commonly known as geraniums, pelargoniums, or storksbills. 1192 pp. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). Pelargonium zonale is an evergreen Perennial growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. The aromatic, or scented-leaved, geraniums are found in… Pelargonium zonale, known as wildemalva in Afrikaans, is a species of Pelargonium native to southern Africa in the western regions of the Cape Provinces, in the geranium family. Online Database. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/publications/guidelines/alert/p-alchemilloides.html, DAISIE, 2014. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Перейти до навігації Перейти до пошуку The distinctly irregular flowers are borne in a typically umbel-like inflorescence (Walt, 1977; Miller, 1996; SANBI, 2014). It is included but not listed as invasive in the Global Compendium of Weeds (Randall, 2012) and does not appear to be a priority species in the Pacific, as it has not yet received a PIER risk assessment. Bello Espinosa D, 1881. P. zonale is widely distributed in its native South Africa, and is reported to be cultivated as an ornamental in various parts of the world including Bolivia, Colombia, Myanmar, various parts of Europe, parts of the West Indies, and the United States (Wiersema and Leon, 1999; Kress et al., 2003; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Bolivia Checklist, 2014; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014; Flora of Pakistan, 2014; ITIS, 2014; SANBI, 2014; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014). Presumably after 1700 the species was accidentally introduced to the wild in Spain and France where it was being grown as an ornamental, and it has since become established in parts of both countries (DAISIE, 2014). P. zonale is the parent of many, if not most, ornamental hybrids, such as the popular P. x hortum, the common garden pelargonium (Miller, 1996; SANBI, 2014). Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. With single or double flowers. http://www.europe-aliens.org/, Flora of Pakistan, 2014. New York, USA: Charles Scribner's Sons. Watch Queue Queue. The species is listed in the Global Compendium of Weeds as “garden thug, naturalised, weed” (Randall, 2012), is known to escape from cultivation (Liogier and Martorell, 2000), and some of its hybrids are known to be weedy or invasive, but it does not appear to be a Pelargonium species with high risk of introduction based on current evidence. Garden geranium (Pelargonium alchemilloides) weed management guide. Despite a murky beginning in early 20th century herbal promotions, there appears to be some evidence for efficacy in treating bronchitis due to Pelargonium's direct antibiotic effect and host immune stimulation. This video is unavailable. Mechanicsburg, PA, USA: Stackpole Books, 260 pp. 2015. You might be surprised to know that these common plants are not geraniums at all. The leaves often have a narrow, dark, zigzag "zone" of pigmentation, giving rise to both the scientific and common names. Classic Noblesse. Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. Measure the EC every week. No information was found for methods of prevention and control of this species, as it has not been reported to be usually problematic. The hard-coated seeds germinate within 14 days at about 20° C. once the seed coat is compromised. In its native South Africa, P. zonale is common in coastal areas, and grows naturally in valleys and ravines, on forest margins, cliffsides and rocky outcrops with scrub vegetation (Walt, 1977; SANBI, 2014). Flora of Bermuda. Pelargonium zonale. Pelargonium amoenum hort. 2014, http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=13, http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/publications/guidelines/alert/p-alchemilloides.html, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/index.html, http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf, https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?PID=338, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, http://botany.si.edu/antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/micronesia/, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, ‘alien’, ‘not established’ in mainland Italy, Sardinia, Sicily, Protected agriculture (e.g. Pelargonium zonale - Пеларгония зональная Classic - Классик. Loewer HP, 2004. Botanically, they are called Pelargonium. A Global Compendium of Weeds. There is a bewildering array of Pelargoniums in cultivation, but in addition to the species and the primary hybrids, the varieties that are most commonly used as garden and pot plants can be separated into six groups.. (Apuntes para la flora de Puerto Rico. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. It also has potential for medicinal use. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014. Plants for a future. http://www.itis.gov. Jefferson's garden. Bello D, 1883. The plants should be pruned after flowering, and they respond very well to feeding with liquid organic fertilizers. Members of the Pelargonium genus can disperse their small seeds by wind, water, and soil. South African National Biodiversity Institute plant information website., South Africa: Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden, South African National Biodiversity Institute. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. Pelargonium zonale - Пеларгония зональная Brocade. Brocade Salmon Night. Usually grows up to 1 m (40 in) but can reach heights of 3 m, often found scrambling through bushes or cascading off cliffs. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of the Department of Antioquia (Colombia), Tropicos website. Española de Hist. Homonyms Pelargonium zonale (L.) L'Hér. https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?PID=338, SANBI, 2014. Pelargonium zonale. PFAF, 2014. Liogier HA; Martorell LF, 2000. The species name zonale is derived from the Latin word ‘zona’, meaning ‘banded’ or ‘with a girdle’, referring to the horseshoe marking found on its leaves (Stearn, 1992; Miller,1996; SANBI, 2014). The name comes from the parent plant Pelargonium zonale but they are usually referred to as Pelargonium x hortorum, a hybrid of Pelargonium zonale and Pelargonium inquinans. Index to Plant Chromosome Numbers (IPCN), Tropicos website. The older stems harden and become woody with age. In California today, the species is a known introduction and reportedly “to be treated as a waif, in part because of an apparent lack of evidence that the plants are naturalized in CA” (ICPN, 2014). Cape Town, South Africa: Purnell, 50 pp. The following products contain Pelargonium The leaves are large, smooth or textured, fairly crisp and usually with a pale to dark horseshoe-shaped mark which is a characteristic of this species. Britton NL, 1924. It is one of the parents of the widely cultivated plant Pelargonium × hortorum, often called "geranium", "zonal geranium" or "zonal pelargonium". Soc. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. The species was reportedly being cultivated in Trinidad in 1870 (Prestoe, 1870), and both Britton’s 1918 flora of Bermuda (1918) and Britton and Wilson’s flora of Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands (1923-1926) reported that many hybrids of P. zonale were common cultivated garden plants in these places. They look so great in pots and window boxes, and they are one of the most popular container plants. Vivid pink single flowers, upper two petals look almost joined. P. sidoides and P. reniforme are marketed as Umckaloaba or Zucol for bronchitis and pharyngitis. In the 16th century, Pelargonium seeds were transported from Africa to Leiden in the Netherlands, where the plant was grown in the botanical garden there. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 45:1-590. The … Date of introduction to the West Indies region is unknown; it may have occurred sometime in the late nineteenth century, although ornamental hybrids may have been introduced earlier. P. zonale has been intentionally introduced by man beyond its native South African range to various parts of the world primarily for cultivation as an ornamental plant. USDA-ARS, 2014. The Distribution Table does not cover all places where it is cultivated, as it is not listed in the floras of some countries where it is present in cultivation. – rodzaj bylin lub półkrzewów z rodziny bodziszkowatych.Liczy około 200 –250 gatunków roślin pochodzących głównie z Afryki Południowej (występuje tam 125 gatunków tego rodzaju). Some even have scented leaves. Trailing types have green ivy-shaped leaves and others are wavy-margined. In temperate climate zones, plants are set out in gardens in the spring, then can be dug prior to the first freeze and brought indoors to overwinter; they can be re-planted in the spring. http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=13. Nat, 10:231-304. CABI is a registered EU trademark. In Sardinia and Sicily, the species was also accidentally introduced but likewise has not become established (DAISIE, 2014). Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, 2nd edition revised., San Juan, Puerto Rico: La Editorial, University of Puerto Rico. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. Edible parts of Pelargonium zonale: Leaves and stems - cooked as a vegetable. There are no pictures available for this datasheet, Debris and waste associated with human activities, Western Australian Herbarium,
Other Pelargonium species that have proved to be weedy sometimes require government assistance to stop infestations using chemicals, such as the case of P. alchemilloides, which is one of 28 plants listed in Australia’s Federal Government Alert List for Environmental Weeds (CRC for Australian Weed Management, 2003). https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. Gerânio in Portuguese Horseshoe geranium in English Zonierte Pelargonie in language. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Jump to navigation Jump to search. The flowers are borne in an umbel; individual flowers are markedly zygomorphic. It was arguably during Victorian Britain that the cultivated geranium reached the height of its popularity, and the flower was a common feature in nosegays and poppies used to convey messages to one another through the ‘language of flowers’ that had been popularized during this time. 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